Evaluation of relative potency of calibrated ciguatoxin congeners by near-infrared fluorescent receptor binding and neuroblastoma cell-based assays



Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) is a foodborne illness affecting > 50,000 people worldwide annually. It is caused by eating marine invertebrates and fish that have accumulated ciguatoxins (CTXs). Recently, the risk of CFP to human health, the local economy, and fishery resources have increased; therefore, detection methods are urgently needed. Functional assays for detecting ciguatoxins in fish include receptor binding (RBA) and neuroblastoma cell-based assay (N2a assay), which can detect all CTX congeners. In this study, we made these assays easier to use. For RBA, an assay was developed using a novel near-infrared fluorescent ligand, PREX710-BTX, to save valuable CTXs. In the N2a assay, a 1-day assay was developed with the same detection performance as the conventional 2-day assay. Additionally, in these assays, we used calibrated CTX standards from the Pacific determined by quantitative NMR for the first time to compare the relative potency of congeners, which differed significantly among previous studies. In the RBA, there was almost no difference in the binding affinity among congeners, showing that the differences in side chains, stereochemistry, and backbone structure of CTXs did not affect the binding affinity. However, this result did not correlate with the toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) based on acute toxicity in mice. In contrast, the N2a assay showed a good correlation with TEFs based on acute toxicity in mice, except for CTX3C. These findings, obtained with calibrated toxin standards, provide important insights into evaluating the total toxicity of CTXs using functional assays.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0041010123001472

Publicado en Artículos, Ciguatera.

Cuba, La Habana. Investigador Titular del Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras, doctor en Ciencias en el Uso, Manejo y Preservación de los Recursos, y maestro en Ciencias del Agua.

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